Document
false0000072333 0000072333 2019-11-21 2019-11-21


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 8-K
CURRENT REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported) November 21, 2019
NORDSTROM, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Washington
 
001-15059
 
91-0515058
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
 
(Commission
File Number)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
1617 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, Washington 98101
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code (206) 628-2111
Inapplicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, without par value
JWN
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.






ITEM 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition
On November 21, 2019, Nordstrom, Inc. issued an earnings release announcing its results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended November 2, 2019, its financial position as of November 2, 2019, and its cash flows for the nine months ended November 2, 2019. A copy of this earnings release is attached as Exhibit 99.1.
ITEM 7.01 Regulation FD Disclosure
On November 21, 2019, Nordstrom, Inc. issued an earnings release announcing its results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended November 2, 2019, its financial position as of November 2, 2019, and its cash flows for the nine months ended November 2, 2019. A copy of this earnings release is attached as Exhibit 99.1.
The information furnished in this Item 7.01 shall not be deemed "filed" for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall such information be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, regardless of any general incorporation language in such filing, except as shall be expressly set forth by a specific reference in such filing.
ITEM 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits
 
Nordstrom earnings release dated November 21, 2019 relating to the Company's results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended November 2, 2019, its financial position as of November 2, 2019, and its cash flows for the nine months ended November 2, 2019.
 
 
 
104
 
Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)





SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
NORDSTROM, INC.
(Registrant)
 
 
/s/ Ann Munson Steines
Ann Munson Steines
Executive Vice President,
General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
 


Date: November 21, 2019


Exhibit


Exhibit 99.1




http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=13217064&doc=8

FOR RELEASE:
 
INVESTOR CONTACT: 
 
Trina Schurman
November 21, 2019 at 1:05 PM PST
 
 
Nordstrom, Inc.
 
 
 
 
(206) 303-6503
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
MEDIA CONTACT:
 
Gigi Ganatra Duff
 
 
 
 
Nordstrom, Inc.
 
 
 
 
(206) 303-3030
Nordstrom Reports Third Quarter 2019 Earnings

SEATTLE, Wash. (November 21, 2019) – Nordstrom, Inc. (NYSE: JWN) today reported earnings per diluted share of $0.81 for the third quarter ended November 2, 2019. Total Company net sales decreased 2.2 percent in the third quarter, improving by more than 200 basis points from the first half of 2019.
“Our market strategy is transforming our business model in how we’re serving customers. We have a unique mix of assets Full-Price, Off-Price, stores, and online and we are further linking our businesses to serve customers in new and differentiated ways. We achieved an important milestone with the opening of our New York City flagship store, significantly increasing our presence in the world’s top retail market. It’s a culmination of efforts across many teams, and we are grateful for their dedication and passion in bringing this store to life,” said Erik Nordstrom, co-president, Nordstrom, Inc.
“Our third quarter earnings exceeded expectations, demonstrating substantial progress in the delivery of our strategy and strength of our operating discipline. Through our customer focus, we drove broad-based improvement in top-line trends. The consistent strength of our inventory and expense execution contributed to increased profitability for the quarter.”
Sales trends improved across Nordstrom’s Full-Price and Off-Price businesses through aggressive actions taken during the year related to loyalty, digital marketing and merchandise assortment.
In Full-Price, the Company improved the economics of its Anniversary event, which positively contributed to merchandise margins. Off-Price delivered positive sales and earnings growth, increasing inventory turns for the eighth consecutive quarter.
In the third quarter, the Company expanded EBIT margin through ongoing inventory discipline and progress in bending its expense curve. Nordstrom realized $170 million in expense savings year-to-date and expects to well-exceed its plan of $150 to $200 million for the year.
Since scaling the Company’s market strategy in Los Angeles, third quarter sales growth outpaced other markets by approximately 100 basis points. Nordstrom recently expanded its strategy to New York, San Francisco, Chicago and Dallas to offer customers a greater selection of product available for same-day pickup or next-day delivery.
The Nordstrom NYC flagship opening reflected a strong customer response with 85,000 visits during the first weekend. Additionally, the corresponding sales lift in the Men’s store exceeded expectations.




THIRD QUARTER 2019 SUMMARY
Third quarter net earnings were $126 million compared with $67 million during the same period in fiscal 2018. Prior year results included an after-tax estimated non-recurring credit-related charge of $49 million. Excluding this charge, earnings grew 9 percent over last year.
Earnings before interest and taxes (“EBIT”) were $193 million, or 5.4 percent of net sales, compared with $105 million, or 2.9 percent of net sales, during the same period in fiscal 2018. Excluding a $72 million estimated non-recurring credit-related charge in 2018, EBIT margin expanded by approximately 50 basis points.
In Full-Price, net sales decreased 4.1 percent compared with the same period in fiscal 2018. Off-Price net sales increased 1.2 percent. Total company digital sales grew 7 percent and represented 34 percent of the business.
Gross profit, as a percentage of net sales, of 34.3 percent increased 100 basis points compared with the same period in fiscal 2018, primarily due to fewer markdowns from continued inventory discipline in Off-Price and higher sell-through of Anniversary product in Full-Price. Ending inventory decreased 2.7 percent from last year, maintaining a positive spread between inventory and sales for the third consecutive quarter.
Selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percentage of net sales, of 31.8 percent decreased 132 basis points compared with the same period in fiscal 2018. Excluding the credit-related charge of $72 million in 2018, expenses deleveraged by approximately 60 basis points due to New York City flagship pre-opening costs. 
The Company’s enhanced loyalty program continues to grow. The Nordy Club had more than 12 million active customers, which represented an increase of 13 percent over last year and nearly 65 percent of sales for the third quarter.
During the nine months ended November 2, 2019, the Company repurchased 4.1 million shares of its common stock for $186 million. A total capacity of $707 million remains available under its existing share repurchase authorization. The actual timing, price, manner and amounts of future share repurchases, if any, will be subject to market and economic conditions and applicable Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules.
On November 6, 2019, the Company issued $500 million of senior unsecured 10-year notes. This is expected to be a leverage neutral transaction as the Company expects to use these proceeds in early December to fully retire its May 2020 notes.
EXPANSION UPDATE
During the third quarter of 2019, the Company opened the following stores:
Location
 
Store Name
 
Square
Footage
(000’s)
 
Timing
Full-Price
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. — Nordstrom
 
 
 
 
 
 
Norwalk, CT
 
The SoNo Collection
 
152
 
October 11
New York, NY
 
Nordstrom Women’s Store NYC
 
327
 
October 24
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nordstrom Local
 
 
 
 
 
 
New York, NY
 
Upper East Side Local
 
2
 
September 5
New York, NY
 
West Village Local
 
2
 
September 27
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Off-Price
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. — Nordstrom Rack
 
 
 
 
 
 
   El Segundo, CA
 
Plaza El Segundo
 
23
 
September 26




Number of Stores
November 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018
Full-Price
 
 
 
U.S.  Nordstrom full-line
110

 
116

Canada  Nordstrom full-line
6

 
6

Canada  Nordstrom Rack
6

 
6

Other Full-Price1
14

 
12

Off-Price
 
 
 
U.S.  Nordstrom Rack
243

 
238

Last Chance clearance stores
2

 
2

Total
381

 
380

1 Other Full-Price includes Trunk Club clubhouses, Jeffrey boutiques and Nordstrom Local neighborhood hubs.
 
Gross Square Footage
30,237,000

 
30,591,000

FISCAL YEAR 2019 OUTLOOK
The Company’s revised annual earnings per diluted share outlook of $3.30 to $3.50 does not include an estimated one-time charge related to its debt refinancing in the fourth quarter of approximately $0.04. The impact of tariffs is not expected to be material for the year.
 
Prior Outlook
Current Outlook
Net sales
Approximately 2 percent decrease
Approximately 2 percent decrease
Credit card revenues, net
Low to mid single-digit growth
Mid single-digit growth
EBIT
$805 to $855 million
$815 to $855 million
EBIT margin
5.3 to 5.6 percent
5.4 to 5.6 percent
Earnings per diluted share (excluding the impact of any potential future share repurchases)
$3.25 to $3.50
$3.30 to $3.50
CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION
The Company's senior management will host a conference call to discuss third quarter 2019 results and fiscal 2019 outlook at 4:45 p.m. Eastern Standard Time today. To listen to the live call online and view the speakers’ prepared remarks and the conference call slides, visit the Investor Relations section of the Company’s corporate website at http://investor.nordstrom.com. An archived webcast with the speakers’ prepared remarks and the conference call slides will be available in the Quarterly Results section for one year. Interested parties may also dial 201-689-8354. A telephone replay will be available beginning approximately three hours after the conclusion of the call by dialing 877-660-6853 or 201-612-7415 and entering Conference ID 13696222, until the close of business on November 28, 2019.




ABOUT NORDSTROM
Nordstrom, Inc. is a leading fashion retailer based in the U.S. Founded in 1901 as a shoe store in Seattle, today Nordstrom operates 381 stores in 40 states, including 116 full-line stores in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico; 249 Nordstrom Rack stores; three Jeffrey boutiques; two clearance stores; six Trunk Club clubhouses; and five Nordstrom Local service concepts. Additionally, customers are served online through Nordstrom.com, Nordstromrack.com, HauteLook and TrunkClub.com. Nordstrom, Inc.’s common stock is publicly traded on the NYSE under the symbol JWN.
Certain statements in this press release contain or may suggest "forward-looking" information (as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) that involves risks and uncertainties that could cause results to be materially different from expectations. The words "will," "may," "designed to," "outlook," "believes," "should," "targets," "anticipates," "assumptions," "plans," "expects" or "expectations," "intends," "estimates," "forecasts," "guidance" and similar expressions identify certain of these forward-looking statements. The Company also may provide forward-looking statements in oral statements or other written materials released to the public. All statements contained or incorporated in this press release or in any other public statements that address such future events or expectations are forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from these forward-looking statements are detailed in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 2, 2019. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and speak only as of the date hereof, and, except as required by law, the Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events, new information or future circumstances.




NORDSTROM, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(unaudited; amounts in millions, except per share amounts)
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018
 
November 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018
Net sales
$
3,566

 
$
3,648

 
$
10,694

 
$
11,097

Credit card revenues, net
106

 
100

 
293

 
280

Total revenues
3,672

 
3,748

 
10,987

 
11,377

Cost of sales and related buying and occupancy costs
(2,344
)
 
(2,435
)
 
(7,049
)
 
(7,311
)
Selling, general and administrative expenses
(1,135
)
 
(1,208
)
 
(3,453
)
 
(3,562
)
Earnings before interest and income taxes
193

 
105

 
485

 
504

Interest expense, net
(20
)
 
(25
)
 
(66
)
 
(81
)
Earnings before income taxes
173

 
80

 
419

 
423

Income tax expense
(47
)
 
(13
)
 
(115
)
 
(107
)
Net earnings
$
126

 
$
67

 
$
304

 
$
316

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.81

 
$
0.40

 
$
1.96

 
$
1.88

Diluted
$
0.81

 
$
0.39

 
$
1.95

 
$
1.85

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
155.2

 
168.8

 
155.1

 
168.1

Diluted
155.8

 
172.4

 
155.9

 
171.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Percent of net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
34.3
%
 
33.3
%
 
34.1
%
 
34.1
%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
31.8
%
 
33.1
%
 
32.3
%
 
32.1
%
Earnings before interest and income taxes
5.4
%
 
2.9
%
 
4.5
%
 
4.5
%




NORDSTROM, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
 
November 2, 2019
 
February 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
487

 
$
957

 
$
1,127

Accounts receivable, net
234

 
148

 
190

Merchandise inventories
2,542

 
1,978

 
2,614

Prepaid expenses and other
310

 
291

 
366

Total current assets
3,573

 
3,374

 
4,297

 
 
 
 
 
 
Land, property and equipment (net of accumulated depreciation of $6,884, $6,647 and $6,517)
4,146

 
3,921

 
3,858

Operating lease right-of-use assets
1,784

 

 

Goodwill
249

 
249

 
249

Other assets
323

 
342

 
305

Total assets
$
10,075

 
$
7,886

 
$
8,709

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
2,148

 
$
1,469

 
$
2,106

Accrued salaries, wages and related benefits
470

 
580

 
526

Current portion of operating lease liabilities
238

 

 

Other current liabilities
1,125

 
1,324

 
1,202

Current portion of long-term debt

 
8

 
8

Total current liabilities
3,981

 
3,381

 
3,842

 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt, net
2,679

 
2,677

 
2,678

Deferred property incentives, net
4

 
457

 
465

Non-current operating lease liabilities
1,895

 

 

Other liabilities
665

 
498

 
521

 
 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock, no par value: 1,000 shares authorized; 155.2, 157.6 and 168.9 shares issued and outstanding
3,106

 
3,048

 
3,029

Accumulated deficit
(2,217
)
 
(2,138
)
 
(1,777
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(38
)
 
(37
)
 
(49
)
Total shareholders’ equity
851

 
873

 
1,203

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
10,075

 
$
7,886

 
$
8,709





NORDSTROM, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
304

 
$
316

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization expenses and other, net
482

 
498

Amortization of deferred property incentives

 
(49
)
Right-of-use asset amortization
132

 

Deferred income taxes, net
25

 
11

Stock-based compensation expense
55

 
72

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
31

 
(45
)
Merchandise inventories
(515
)
 
(526
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(68
)
 
(78
)
Accounts payable
579

 
554

Accrued salaries, wages and related benefits
(109
)
 
(50
)
Other current liabilities
(175
)
 
(102
)
Deferred property incentives
4

 
37

Lease liabilities
(191
)
 

Other liabilities
15

 
4

Net cash provided by operating activities
569

 
642

 
 
 
 
Investing Activities
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(741
)
 
(429
)
Other, net
24

 
(19
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(717
)
 
(448
)
 
 
 
 
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Principal payments on long-term borrowings

 
(54
)
Increase in cash book overdrafts
58

 
34

Cash dividends paid
(172
)
 
(186
)
Payments for repurchase of common stock
(210
)
 
(155
)
Proceeds from issuances under stock compensation plans
19

 
160

Tax withholding on share-based awards
(17
)
 
(19
)
Other, net

 
(28
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(322
)
 
(248
)
 
 
 
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(470
)
 
(54
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
957

 
1,181

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
487

 
$
1,127





NORDSTROM, INC.
SUMMARY OF NET SALES
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
Our Full-Price business includes our Nordstrom U.S. full-line stores, Nordstrom.com, Canada, Trunk Club, Jeffrey and Nordstrom Local. Our Off-Price business includes Nordstrom U.S. Rack stores, Nordstromrack.com/HauteLook and Last Chance clearance stores. The following table summarizes net sales for the quarter and nine months ended November 2, 2019 compared with the same periods in fiscal 2018:
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018
 
November 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018
Net sales by business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Full-Price
$
2,270

 
$
2,367

 
$
6,928

 
$
7,314

Off-Price
1,296

 
1,281

 
3,766

 
3,783

Total net sales
$
3,566

 
$
3,648

 
$
10,694

 
$
11,097

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales increase (decrease) by business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Full-Price
(4.1
%)
 
0.4
%
 
(5.3
%)
 
1.9
%
Off-Price
1.2
%
 
5.8
%
 
(0.4
%)
 
3.4
%
Total Company
(2.2
%)
 
2.3
%
 
(3.6
%)
 
2.4
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Digital sales as % of total net sales1
34
%
 
31
%
 
32
%
 
29
%
1 Digital sales are online sales and digitally assisted store sales which include Online Order Pickup, Ship to Store and Style Board, a digital selling tool. In 2019, we updated our digital sales calculation to include accounting adjustments consistent with our net sales calculation. Prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with current period presentation. We do not expect this change to be material for the full year, though some timing differences occurred between the second and third quarters.




NORDSTROM, INC.
ADJUSTED RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (“ADJUSTED ROIC”)
(NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; dollar amounts in millions)
We believe that Adjusted ROIC is a useful financial measure for investors and credit agencies in evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of the capital we have invested in our business to generate returns over time. In addition, we have incorporated it in our executive incentive measures and it is an important indicator of shareholders’ return over the long term.
For 2019, income statement activity for adjusted net operating profit and balance sheet amounts for average invested capital are comprised of three quarters of activity under the new lease standard (“Lease Standard”) for 2019, and the fourth quarter of 2018 under the previous lease standard. Under the previous lease standard, we estimated the value of our operating leases as if they met the criteria for capital leases or we had purchased the properties. This provided additional supplemental information that estimated the investment in our operating leases. Estimated depreciation on capitalized operating leases and average estimated asset base of capitalized operating leases are not calculated in accordance with, nor an alternative for, generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitution for our results as reported under GAAP.
Adjusted ROIC is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, return on assets, net earnings, total assets or other GAAP financial measures. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies’ methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to Adjusted ROIC is return on assets. The following is a reconciliation of the components of Adjusted ROIC and return on assets:
 
Four Quarters Ended
 
November 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018

Net earnings
$
551

 
$
467

Add: income tax expense
178

 
276

Add: interest expense
101

 
124

Earnings before interest and income tax expense
830

 
867

 
 
 
 
Add: operating lease interest1
76

 

Add: rent expense, net
66

 
251

Less: estimated depreciation on capitalized operating leases2
(35
)
 
(134
)
Adjusted net operating profit
937

 
984

 
 
 
 
Less: estimated income tax expense
(228
)
 
(365
)
Adjusted net operating profit after tax
$
709

 
$
619

 
 
 
 
Average total assets
$
9,403

 
$
8,269

Less: average non-interest-bearing current liabilities
(3,563
)
 
(3,429
)
Less: average deferred property incentives in excess of ROU assets3
(232
)
 

Add: average estimated asset base of capitalized operating leases2
502

 
1,994

Less: average deferred property incentives and deferred rent liability
(150
)
 
(625
)
Average invested capital
$
5,960

 
$
6,209

 
 
 
 
Return on assets4
5.9
%
 
5.6
%
Adjusted ROIC4
11.9
%
 
10.0
%
1 As a result of the adoption of the Lease Standard, we add back the operating lease interest to reflect how we manage our business. Operating lease interest is a component of operating lease cost recorded in occupancy costs and is calculated in accordance with the Lease Standard.
2 Capitalized operating leases is our best estimate of the asset base we would record for our leases that are classified as operating under the previous lease standard if they had met the criteria for a finance lease or we had purchased the property. The asset base for each quarter is calculated as the trailing four quarters of rent expense multiplied by eight, a commonly used method to estimate the asset base we would record for our capitalized operating leases.  
3 For leases with property incentives that exceed the operating lease right-of-use assets (“ROU assets”), we reclassify the amount from assets to other current liabilities and other liabilities. As a result of the adoption of the Lease Standard, we reduce average total assets, as this better reflects how we manage our business.
4 Results for the four quarters ended November 3, 2018 included the $72 impact related to the estimated non-recurring credit-related charge, which negatively impacted return on assets by approximately 60 basis points and Adjusted ROIC by approximately 80 basis points. For the four quarters ended November 2, 2019, the adoption of the Lease Standard negatively impacted return on assets by approximately 90 basis points and Adjusted ROIC by approximately 20 basis points.




NORDSTROM, INC.
ADJUSTED DEBT TO EBITDAR (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; dollar amounts in millions)
Adjusted Debt to earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation, amortization and rent (“EBITDAR”) is one of our key financial metrics and we believe that our debt levels are best analyzed using this measure, as it provides a reflection of our credit worthiness that could impact our credit rating and borrowing costs. Our goal is to manage debt levels to maintain an investment-grade credit rating and operate with an efficient capital structure.
For 2019, income statement activity for Adjusted EBITDAR is comprised of three quarters of activity under the Lease Standard for 2019 and the fourth quarter of 2018 under the previous lease standard. Balance sheet amounts are as of the end of the quarter, and under the new Lease Standard for 2019 and the previous lease standard for 2018. Under the previous lease standard, we estimated the value of our operating leases as if they met the criteria for capital leases or we had purchased the properties. This provided additional supplemental information that estimated the investment in our operating leases. Estimated capitalized operating lease liability is not calculated in accordance with, nor an alternative for, GAAP and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitution for our results as reported under GAAP.
Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, debt to net earnings, net earnings, debt or other GAAP financial measures. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies’ methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The following is a reconciliation of the components of Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR and debt to net earnings:
 
20191
 
20181
Debt
$
2,679

 
$
2,686

Add: operating lease liabilities
2,133

 

Add: estimated capitalized operating lease liability2

 
2,011

Adjusted Debt
$
4,812

 
$
4,697

 
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
551

 
$
467

Add: income tax expense
178

 
276

Add: interest expense, net
89

 
111

Earnings before interest and income taxes
818

 
854

 
 
 
 
Add: depreciation and amortization expenses
656

 
686

Add: lease costs, net3
205

 

Add: rent expense, net
66

 
251

Adjusted EBITDAR
$
1,745

 
$
1,791

 
 
 
 
Debt to Net Earnings4
4.9

 
5.8

Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR4
2.8

 
2.6

1 The components of Adjusted Debt are as of November 2, 2019 and November 3, 2018, while the components of Adjusted EBITDAR are for the four quarters ended November 2, 2019 and November 3, 2018.  
2 Based upon the estimated lease liability as of the end of the period, calculated as the trailing four quarters of rent expense multiplied by eight, a commonly used method of estimating the debt we would record for our leases that are classified as operating if they had met the criteria for a capital lease or we had purchased the property.  
3 As a result of the adoption of the Lease Standard, we add back lease costs to calculate Adjusted EBITDAR.  
4 Results for the four quarters ended November 3, 2018 included the $72 impact related to the estimated non-recurring credit-related charge, which negatively impacted Debt to Net Earnings by 0.5 and Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR by 0.1. For the four quarters ended November 2, 2019, the adoption of the Lease Standard had no impact on Debt to Net Earnings nor Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR.




NORDSTROM, INC.
FREE CASH FLOW (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
Free Cash Flow is one of our key liquidity measures, and when used in conjunction with GAAP measures, we believe it provides investors with a meaningful analysis of our ability to generate cash from our business.
Free Cash Flow is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, operating cash flows or other financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies’ methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to Free Cash Flow is net cash provided by operating activities. The following is a reconciliation of net cash provided by operating activities to Free Cash Flow:
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
569

 
$
642

Less: capital expenditures
(741
)
 
(429
)
Add: change in cash book overdrafts
58

 
34

Free Cash Flow
$
(114
)
 
$
247





NORDSTROM, INC.
ADJUSTED EBITDA (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
Adjusted earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) is our key financial metric to reflect our view of cash flow from net earnings. Adjusted EBITDA excludes significant items which are non-operating in nature in order to evaluate our core operating performance against prior periods. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to Adjusted EBITDA is net earnings.
Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for net earnings, overall change in cash or liquidity of the business as a whole. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies’ methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The following is a reconciliation of net earnings to Adjusted EBITDA:
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 2, 2019
 
November 3, 2018
Net earnings
$
304

 
$
316

Add: income tax expense
115

 
107

Add: interest expense, net
66

 
81

Earnings before interest and income taxes
485

 
504

 
 
 
 
Add: depreciation and amortization expenses
486

 
498

Less: amortization of developer reimbursements
(56
)
 
(60
)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
915

 
$
942