Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 8-K
CURRENT REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported) November 15, 2018
NORDSTROM, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Washington
 
001-15059
 
91-0515058
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
 
(Commission
File Number)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
1617 Sixth Avenue, Seattle, Washington
 
98101
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code (206) 628-2111
Inapplicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
___ Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
___ Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
___ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
___ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨





ITEM 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition
On November 15, 2018, Nordstrom, Inc. issued an earnings release announcing its results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended November 3, 2018, its financial position as of November 3, 2018, and its cash flows for the nine months ended November 3, 2018. A copy of this earnings release is attached as Exhibit 99.1.
ITEM 7.01 Regulation FD Disclosure
On November 15, 2018, Nordstrom, Inc. issued an earnings release announcing its results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended November 3, 2018, its financial position as of November 3, 2018, and its cash flows for the nine months ended November 3, 2018. A copy of this earnings release is attached as Exhibit 99.1.
The information furnished in this Item 7.01 shall not be deemed "filed" for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall such information be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, regardless of any general incorporation language in such filing, except as shall be expressly set forth by a specific reference in such filing.
ITEM 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits
 
Nordstrom earnings release dated November 15, 2018 relating to the Company's results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended November 3, 2018, its financial position as of November 3, 2018, and its cash flows for the nine months ended November 3, 2018.
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
 
 
EXHIBIT
 
 
NUMBER
 
DESCRIPTION
 
 
 
 
Nordstrom earnings release dated November 15, 2018 relating to the Company's results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended November 3, 2018, its financial position as of November 3, 2018, and its cash flows for the nine months ended November 3, 2018.






SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
NORDSTROM, INC.
(Registrant)
 
 
/s/ Robert B. Sari
Robert B. Sari
Senior Vice President,
General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
 


Date: November 15, 2018





Exhibit


Exhibit 99.1

http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=12555646&doc=3

FOR RELEASE:
 
INVESTOR CONTACT: 
 
Trina Schurman
November 15, 2018 at 1:05 PM PST
 
 
Nordstrom, Inc.
 
 
 
 
(206) 303-6503
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
MEDIA CONTACT:
 
Gigi Ganatra Duff
 
 
 
 
Nordstrom, Inc.
 
 
 
 
(206) 303-3030
Nordstrom Reports Third Quarter 2018 Earnings
Continued Top-line Strength Across Full-Price and Off-Price; Investments Fueling Growth
Market Leading Digital Presence; Digital Sales Penetration 30% YTD

SEATTLE, Wash. (November 15, 2018) – Nordstrom, Inc. (NYSE: JWN) today reported earnings per diluted share for the third quarter ended November 3, 2018 of $0.39, which reflected a non-recurring estimated credit-related charge of $0.28. Excluding this estimated charge, which was not incorporated in the Company’s prior outlook, earnings slightly exceeded the Company’s expectations, reflecting continued top-line strength across its Full-Price and Off-Price businesses.
Total Company net sales increased 3.0 percent for the third quarter ended November 3, 2018 compared with the quarter ended October 28, 2017. This included an unfavorable timing shift of approximately 100 basis points, primarily from the reversal of the second quarter impact of the new revenue recognition standard as it relates to the timing of the Anniversary Sale. Combined second and third quarter net sales, which removes these timing impacts, increased 5.1 percent compared with the same period last year.
Comparable sales are aligned with the 53-week calendar in 2017. Comparable sales increased 2.3 percent in the third quarter, compared with the 13-week period ended October 28, 2017. This reflected a continuation of underlying trends with a year-to-date increase of 2.4 percent.
Nordstrom's customer strategy is centered on three strategic pillars: providing a compelling product offering, delivering outstanding services and experiences and leveraging the strength of the Nordstrom brand. The Company continued to execute on its strategy and long-term financial commitments to drive higher returns to shareholders:
In serving customers on their terms - how and when they want to shop, the Company delivered outsized digital sales growth of 20 percent, which represented 30 percent of sales, on a year-to-date basis.
Nordstrom’s generational investments in new markets and digital businesses continued to scale, contributing approximately half of the year-to-date net sales increase. The Company continued its expansion plans in Canada with three new Nordstrom Rack stores, for a total of six openings this year.
To normalize for timing impacts related to the Anniversary Sale, Full-Price comparable sales increased by 2.5 percent for the second and third quarters combined, compared with flat comparable sales growth for the same period last year.
The Off-Price business exceeded expectations with a comparable sales increase of 5.8 percent in the third quarter. The Company opened two Nordstrom Rack stores in the U.S., for a total of six new stores this year.
The Company evolved its customer loyalty program with the launch of the Nordy Club in October, which offers enhanced services and a faster earn rate for Nordstrom credit cardmembers. More than 11 million active loyalty customers contributed to 56 percent of total sales on a year-to-date basis.
The Company opened two additional Nordstrom Local neighborhood hubs in the Los Angeles market, in Brentwood and downtown, to provide customers with more convenient access to our services. Nordstrom Local represents an integral part of the Company’s local market strategy, which combines the scale of its national infrastructure with its local assets of people, product and place to help reimagine the customers' shopping experience.




THIRD QUARTER SUMMARY
Earnings before interest and taxes ("EBIT") were $105 million, or 2.9 percent of net sales, compared with $208 million, or 5.9 percent of net sales, during the same period in fiscal 2017.
EBIT was impacted by a non-recurring estimated credit-related charge of $72 million. This estimated charge resulted from some delinquent Nordstrom credit card accounts being charged higher interest in error. The Company has taken action, including the appropriate steps to address this issue and estimates that less than 4 percent of Nordstrom cardholders will receive a cash refund or credit to outstanding balances, with most receiving less than $100.
Third quarter net earnings were $67 million compared with $114 million during the same period in fiscal 2017. Excluding an after-tax impact of $49 million for the estimated credit-related charge, net earnings were relatively flat. This reflected the reversal of the second quarter impact of the new revenue recognition standard as it relates to the timing of the Anniversary Sale, partially offset by a lower effective tax rate.
In Full-Price, comparable sales increased 0.4 percent. In Off-Price, comparable sales increased 5.8 percent.
Gross profit, as a percentage of net sales, of 33.3 percent decreased 137 basis points compared with the same period in fiscal 2017. Combined second and third quarter gross profit, which removes the $30 million timing shift of the new revenue recognition standard as it relates to timing of the Anniversary Sale, decreased by 19 basis points compared with the same period last year, primarily due to the mix impact of higher Off-Price growth.
At the end of the third quarter, inventory increased 7 percent over the same period last year, reflecting timing shifts associated with the holiday season. Excluding this timing impact, inventory growth was relatively in line with sales growth.
Selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percentage of net sales, of 33.1 percent increased 188 basis points compared with the same period in fiscal 2017. Excluding the estimated credit-related charge of $72 million, selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percentage of net sales, was relatively flat compared with the same period in fiscal 2017. This reflected moderated growth of digital capabilities due to ongoing efforts to drive productivity improvements. Excluding the estimated charge, the Company is on track to achieve its plan for mid-single-digit growth in selling, general and administrative expenses for the year.
During the nine months ended November 3, 2018, the Company repurchased 2.9 million shares of its common stock for $157 million. A total capacity of $1,438 million remains available under its existing share repurchase authorization. The actual timing, price, manner and amounts of future share repurchases, if any, will be subject to market and economic conditions and applicable Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") rules.




EXPANSION UPDATE
To date in fiscal 2018, the Company opened sixteen stores, closed two stores and relocated one store. The Company opened the following stores in the third quarter of 2018:
Location
 
Store Name
 
Square
Footage
(000's)
 
Timing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Full-Price
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jeffrey
 
 
 
 
 
 
Palo Alto, CA
 
Stanford Shopping Center
 
12
 
August 30
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Canada - Nordstrom Rack
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mississauga, ON
 
Heartland Town Centre
 
35
 
September 6
Ottawa, ON
 
The Ottawa Train Yards
 
37
 
October 11
Edmonton, AB
 
South Edmonton Common
 
36
 
October 25
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nordstrom Local
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brentwood, CA
 
Brentwood Local
 
1
 
September 28
Los Angeles, CA
 
Downtown Los Angeles Local
 
2
 
October 12
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Off-Price
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. - Nordstrom Rack
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gilbert, AZ
 
SanTan Village
 
26
 
September 27
Vernon Hills, IL
 
Mellody Farm
 
30
 
September 27
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Stores
November 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017
Full-Price
 
 
 
U.S. - Nordstrom full-line
116

 
116

Canada - Nordstrom full-line
6

 
6

Canada - Nordstrom Rack
6

 

Other Full-Price1
12

 
10

Off-Price
 
 
 
U.S. - Nordstrom Rack
238

 
232

Last Chance clearance stores
2

 
2

Total
380

 
366

1 Other Full-Price includes Trunk Club clubhouses, Jeffrey boutiques and Nordstrom Local stores.
 
Gross square footage
30,591,000

 
30,223,000





FISCAL YEAR 2018 OUTLOOK
Excluding the non-recurring estimated credit-related charge of $72 million, or $0.28 per diluted share, Nordstrom remains on track to achieve an inflection point for profitable growth in fiscal 2018. The Company updated its annual outlook to incorporate third quarter results. For comparability, the following table includes the current and prior outlook excluding the estimated credit-related charge:
 
Prior Outlook
Current Outlook
Net sales
$15.4 to $15.5 billion
$15.5 to $15.6 billion
Comparable sales (percent)
1.5 to 2
Approximately 2
Credit card revenues
Mid-teens growth
Mid-teens growth
EBIT (including impact of estimated credit-related charge)
$863 to $888 million
Earnings per diluted share (excluding the impact of any future share repurchases)
$3.27 to $3.37
EBIT (excluding impact of estimated credit-related charge)
$925 to $960 million
$935 to $960 million
Earnings per diluted share (excluding the impact of non-recurring estimated credit-related charge and any future share repurchases)
$3.50 to $3.65
$3.55 to $3.65
The Company's outlook includes the following considerations:
The 53rd week in 2017 added approximately $220 million to total net sales and was estimated to impact earnings per diluted share by $0.05.
Fourth quarter EBIT is expected to reflect a favorable comparison of $16 million from a one-time employee investment associated with last year's tax reform.
CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION
The Company's senior management will host a conference call to discuss third quarter 2018 results and fiscal 2018 outlook at 4:45 p.m. Eastern Standard Time today. To listen to the live call online and to view conference call slides, which will be posted in advance of the call, visit the Investor Relations section of the Company's corporate website at http://investor.nordstrom.com and go to Webcasts & Presentations. An archived webcast with the speakers' prepared remarks and the conference call slides will be available in the Quarterly Earnings section for at least one year. Interested parties may also dial 201-689-8354. A telephone replay will be available beginning approximately three hours after the conclusion of the call by dialing 877-660-6853 or 201-612-7415 and entering Conference ID 13684817, until the close of business on November 22, 2018.
ABOUT NORDSTROM
Nordstrom, Inc. is a leading fashion retailer based in the U.S. Founded in 1901 as a shoe store in Seattle, today Nordstrom operates 380 stores in 40 states, including 122 full-line stores in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico; 244 Nordstrom Rack stores; three Jeffrey boutiques; two clearance stores; six Trunk Club clubhouses; and three Nordstrom Local service concepts. Additionally, customers are served online through Nordstrom.com, Nordstromrack.com, HauteLook and TrunkClub.com. Nordstrom, Inc.'s common stock is publicly traded on the NYSE under the symbol JWN.
Certain statements in this news release contain or may suggest "forward-looking" information (as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) that involve risks and uncertainties. The words "will," "may," "designed to," "outlook," "believes," "should," "anticipates," "plans," "expects," "intends," "estimates," "forecasts" and similar expressions identify certain of these forward-looking statements. The Company also may provide forward-looking statements in oral statements or other written materials released to the public. All statements contained or incorporated in this news release or in any other public statements that address such future events or expectations are forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from these forward-looking statements are discussed in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2018 and its Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarters ended May 5, 2018 and August 4, 2018. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events, new information or future circumstances, except as required by law.




NORDSTROM, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(unaudited; amounts in millions, except per share amounts)
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017
 
November 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017
Net sales
$
3,648

 
$
3,541

 
$
11,097

 
$
10,537

Credit card revenues, net
100

 
88

 
280

 
239

Total revenues
3,748

 
3,629

 
11,377

 
10,776

Cost of sales and related buying and occupancy costs
(2,435
)
 
(2,315
)
 
(7,311
)
 
(6,921
)
Selling, general and administrative expenses
(1,208
)
 
(1,106
)
 
(3,562
)
 
(3,280
)
Earnings before interest and income taxes
105

 
208

 
504

 
575

Interest expense, net
(25
)
 
(28
)
 
(81
)
 
(104
)
Earnings before income taxes
80

 
180

 
423

 
471

Income tax expense
(13
)
 
(66
)
 
(107
)
 
(185
)
Net earnings
$
67

 
$
114

 
$
316

 
$
286

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.40

 
$
0.68

 
$
1.88

 
$
1.72

Diluted
$
0.39

 
$
0.67

 
$
1.85

 
$
1.70

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
168.8

 
166.6

 
168.1

 
166.7

Diluted
172.4

 
168.8

 
171.0

 
168.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Percent of net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
33.3
%
 
34.6
%
 
34.1
%
 
34.3
%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
33.1
%
 
31.2
%
 
32.1
%
 
31.1
%
Earnings before interest and income taxes
2.9
%
 
5.9
%
 
4.5
%
 
5.5
%




NORDSTROM, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
 
November 3, 2018
 
February 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,127

 
$
1,181

 
$
672

Accounts receivable, net
190

 
145

 
211

Merchandise inventories
2,614

 
2,027

 
2,434

Prepaid expenses and other
366

 
150

 
162

Total current assets
4,297

 
3,503

 
3,479

 
 
 
 
 
 
Land, property and equipment (net of accumulated depreciation of $6,517, $6,105 and $5,952)
3,858

 
3,939

 
3,940

Goodwill
249

 
238

 
238

Other assets
305

 
435

 
529

Total assets
$
8,709

 
$
8,115

 
$
8,186

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
2,106

 
$
1,409

 
$
1,815

Accrued salaries, wages and related benefits
526

 
578

 
433

Other current liabilities
1,202

 
1,246

 
1,166

Current portion of long-term debt
8

 
56

 
57

Total current liabilities
3,842

 
3,289

 
3,471

 
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term debt, net
2,678

 
2,681

 
2,681

Deferred property incentives, net
465

 
495

 
510

Other liabilities
521

 
673

 
670

 
 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock, no par value: 1,000 shares authorized; 168.9, 167.0 and 166.6 shares issued and outstanding
3,029

 
2,816

 
2,785

Accumulated deficit
(1,777
)
 
(1,810
)
 
(1,899
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(49
)
 
(29
)
 
(32
)
Total shareholders' equity
1,203

 
977

 
854

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
8,709

 
$
8,115

 
$
8,186





NORDSTROM, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
316

 
$
286

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization expenses
498

 
479

Amortization of deferred property incentives and other, net
(49
)
 
(62
)
Deferred income taxes, net
11

 
(82
)
Stock-based compensation expense
72

 
59

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(45
)
 
(11
)
Merchandise inventories
(526
)
 
(465
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(78
)
 
(35
)
Accounts payable
554

 
419

Accrued salaries, wages and related benefits
(50
)
 
(22
)
Other current liabilities
(102
)
 
(53
)
Deferred property incentives
37

 
55

Other liabilities
4

 
29

Net cash provided by operating activities
642

 
597

 
 
 
 
Investing Activities
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(429
)
 
(536
)
Other, net
(19
)
 
29

Net cash used in investing activities
(448
)
 
(507
)
 
 
 
 
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term borrowings, net of discounts

 
635

Principal payments on long-term borrowings
(54
)
 
(658
)
Increase (decrease) in cash book overdrafts
34

 
(3
)
Cash dividends paid
(186
)
 
(185
)
Payments for repurchase of common stock
(155
)
 
(211
)
Proceeds from issuances under stock compensation plans
160

 
25

Tax withholding on share-based awards
(19
)
 
(7
)
Other, net
(28
)
 
(21
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(248
)
 
(425
)
 
 
 
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(54
)
 
(335
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
1,181

 
1,007

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
1,127

 
$
672





NORDSTROM, INC.
SUMMARY OF NET SALES
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
During the first quarter of 2018, we adopted the new revenue recognition standard (Revenue Standard) using the modified retrospective adoption method. Results beginning in the first quarter of 2018 are presented under the new Revenue Standard, while prior period amounts are not adjusted. Also beginning in 2018, we aligned our sales presentation with how we view the results of our operations internally and how our customers view us, by our Full-Price and Off-Price businesses.
Our Full-Price business includes our Nordstrom U.S. full-line stores, Nordstrom.com, Canada, Trunk Club, Jeffrey and Nordstrom Local. Our Off-Price business includes Nordstrom U.S. Rack stores, Nordstromrack.com/HauteLook and Last Chance clearance stores. The following table summarizes net sales and comparable sales for the quarter and nine months ended November 3, 2018 compared with the same periods in fiscal 2017:
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017
 
November 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017
Net sales by business1:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Full-Price2
$
2,367

 
$
2,173

 
$
7,314

 
$
7,179

Off-Price3
1,281

 
1,178

 
3,783

 
3,519

Other

 
190

 

 
(161
)
Total net sales4
$
3,648

 
$
3,541

 
$
11,097

 
$
10,537

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comparable sales increase (decrease) by business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Full-Price
0.4
%
 
(1.9
%)
 
1.9
%
 
(0.9
%)
Off-Price
5.8
%
 
0.8
%
 
3.4
%
 
2.0
%
Total Company
2.3
%
 
(0.9
%)
 
2.4
%
 
0.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Digital sales as % of total net sales5
26
%
 
23
%
 
30
%
 
26
%
1 We present our sales for 2018 and 2017 to align with how management views our results internally, including presenting 2018 under the new Revenue Standard and allocating our sales return reserve to Full-Price and Off-Price. For 2017, Other primarily included unallocated sales return, in-transit and loyalty related adjustments necessary to reconcile sales by business to total net sales.
2 Full-Price net sales increased 8.9% for the third quarter and 1.9% for the nine months ended November 3, 2018. This included an increase of approximately 700 basis points for the third quarter due primarily to the sales return reserve allocation and a decrease of 100 basis points for the nine months ended November 3, 2018, due primarily to the new Revenue Standard.
3 Off-Price net sales increased 8.7% for the third quarter and 7.5% for the nine months ended November 3, 2018. This included a decrease of approximately 100 basis points for the third quarter and 50 basis points for the nine months ended November 3, 2018 due primarily to the new Revenue Standard.
4 Total net sales increased 3.0% for the third quarter and 5.3% for the nine months ended November 3, 2018. This included a decrease of approximately 100 basis points in the third quarter primarily due to the new Revenue Standard as it relates to the timing of the Anniversary Sale and an increase of approximately 100 basis points for the nine months ended November 3, 2018, primarily due to the 53rd week in 2017. We do not expect the impact of adopting the new Revenue Standard to be material for the year ended February 2, 2019. We do expect the impact of the 53rd week in 2017 to result in a decrease of approximately 100 basis points for the year ended February 2, 2019 when compared with the prior period.
5 Digital sales are online sales and digitally assisted store sales which include Buy Online, Pickup in Store ("BOPUS"), Reserve Online, Try on in Store (Store Reserve) and Style Board, a digital selling tool.




NORDSTROM, INC.
ADJUSTED RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL ("ADJUSTED ROIC") (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; dollar amounts in millions)
We believe that Adjusted ROIC is a useful financial measure for investors in evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of the capital we have invested in our business to generate returns. Adjusted ROIC adjusts our operating leases as if they met the criteria for capital leases or we had purchased the properties. This provides additional supplemental information that reflects the investment in our off-balance sheet operating leases, controls for differences in capital structure between us and our competitors and provides investors and credit agencies with another way to comparably evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of our capital investments over time. In addition, we incorporate Adjusted ROIC into our executive incentive measures and it is an important indicator of shareholders' return over the long term.
We define Adjusted ROIC as our adjusted net operating profit after tax divided by our average invested capital using the trailing 12-month average. Adjusted ROIC is not a measure of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, return on assets, net earnings, total assets or other financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies' methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. Estimated depreciation on capitalized operating leases and average estimated asset base of capitalized operating leases are not calculated in accordance with, or an alternative for, GAAP and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitution of our results as reported under GAAP. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to Adjusted ROIC is return on assets.
For the 12 fiscal months ended November 3, 2018, our Adjusted ROIC decreased to 10.0% compared with 10.7% for the 12 fiscal months ended October 28, 2017. The following is a reconciliation of the components of Adjusted ROIC and return on assets:
 
12 Fiscal Months Ended
 
November 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017

Net earnings
$
467

 
$
488

Add: income tax expense1
276

 
376

Add: interest expense
124

 
139

Earnings before interest and income tax expense
867

 
1,003

 
 
 
 
Add: rent expense, net
251

 
237

Less: estimated depreciation on capitalized operating leases2
(134
)
 
(126
)
Adjusted net operating profit
984

 
1,114

 
 
 
 
Less: estimated income tax expense
(365
)
 
(486
)
Adjusted net operating profit after tax
$
619

 
$
628

 
 
 
 
Average total assets
$
8,269

 
$
8,009

Less: average non-interest-bearing current liabilities3
(3,429
)
 
(3,211
)
Less: average deferred property incentives and deferred rent liability3
(625
)
 
(646
)
Add: average estimated asset base of capitalized operating leases2
1,994

 
1,718

Average invested capital
$
6,209

 
$
5,870

 
 
 
 
Return on assets4
5.6
%
 
6.1
%
Adjusted ROIC4
10.0
%
 
10.7
%
1 Results for the 12 fiscal months ended November 3, 2018 include a $42 unfavorable impact related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.
2 Capitalized operating leases is our best estimate of the asset base we would record for our leases that are classified as operating if they had met the criteria for a capital lease or we had purchased the property. The asset base is calculated based upon the trailing 12-month average of the monthly asset base. The asset base for each month is calculated as the trailing 12 months of rent expense multiplied by eight. The multiple of eight times rent expense is a commonly used method of estimating the asset base we would record for our capitalized operating leases.
3 Balances associated with our deferred rent liability have been classified as long-term liabilities as of January 28, 2017.
4 Results for the 12 fiscal months ended November 3, 2018 include the $72 impact of the estimated credit-related charge, which negatively impacted Return on assets by approximately 60 basis points and Adjusted ROIC by approximately 80 basis points.




NORDSTROM, INC.
ADJUSTED DEBT TO EBITDAR (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; dollar amounts in millions)
Adjusted Debt to earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation, amortization and rent ("EBITDAR") is one of our key financial metrics, and we believe that our debt levels are best analyzed using this measure. Our goal is to manage debt levels to maintain an investment-grade credit rating and operate with an efficient capital structure. In evaluating our debt levels, this measure provides a reflection of our credit worthiness that could impact our credit rating and borrowing costs. We also have a debt covenant that requires an adjusted debt to EBITDAR leverage ratio of no more than four times. As of November 3, 2018, our Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR was 2.6, and as of October 28, 2017, it was 2.5.
Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, debt to net earnings, net earnings, debt or other financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies' methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR is debt to net earnings. The following is a reconciliation of the components of Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR and debt to net earnings:
 
20181
 
20171
Debt
$
2,686

 
$
2,738

Add: estimated capitalized operating lease liability2
2,011

 
1,896

Adjusted Debt
$
4,697

 
$
4,634

 
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
467

 
$
488

Add: income tax expense3
276

 
376

Add: interest expense, net
111

 
135

Earnings before interest and income taxes
854

 
999

 
 
 
 
Add: depreciation and amortization expenses
686

 
644

Add: rent expense, net
251

 
237

Add: non-cash acquisition-related charges

 
10

Adjusted EBITDAR
$
1,791

 
$
1,890

 
 
 
 
Debt to Net Earnings4
5.8

 
5.6

Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR4
2.6

 
2.5

1 The components of Adjusted Debt are as of November 3, 2018 and October 28, 2017, while the components of Adjusted EBITDAR are for the 12 months ended November 3, 2018 and October 28, 2017.
2 Based upon the estimated lease liability as of the end of the period, calculated as the trailing 12 months of rent expense multiplied by eight. The multiple of eight times rent expense is a commonly used method of estimating the debt we would record for our leases that are classified as operating if they had met the criteria for a capital lease or we had purchased the property.
3 Results for the 12 fiscal months ended November 3, 2018 include a $42 unfavorable impact related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.
4 Results for the 12 fiscal months ended November 3, 2018 include the $72 impact of the estimated credit-related charge, which negatively impacted Debt to Net Earnings by approximately 0.5 and Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR by approximately 0.1.




NORDSTROM, INC.
FREE CASH FLOW (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
Free Cash Flow is one of our key liquidity measures, and when used in conjunction with GAAP measures, provides investors with a meaningful analysis of our ability to generate cash from our business. For the nine months ended November 3, 2018, we had Free Cash Flow of $247 compared with $58 for the nine months ended October 28, 2017.
Beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2018, we no longer adjust free cash flow for cash dividends paid. We believe this presentation is more reflective of our operating performance and more consistent with the way we manage our business, how our peers calculate free cash flows and prevailing industry practice. Prior period Free Cash Flow financial measures have been recast to conform with current period presentation.
Free Cash Flow is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, operating cash flows or other financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies' methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to Free Cash Flow is net cash provided by operating activities. The following is a reconciliation of net cash provided by operating activities to Free Cash Flow:
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
642

 
$
597

Less: capital expenditures
(429
)
 
(536
)
Add (Less): change in cash book overdrafts
34

 
(3
)
Free Cash Flow
$
247

 
$
58





NORDSTROM, INC.
ADJUSTED EBITDA (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; amounts in millions)
Adjusted earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") is our key financial metric to reflect our view of cash flow from net earnings. Adjusted EBITDA excludes significant items which are non-operating in nature in order to evaluate our core operating performance against prior periods. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to Adjusted EBITDA is net earnings. As of November 3, 2018 and October 28, 2017, Adjusted EBITDA was $942 and $997.
Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for net earnings, overall change in cash or liquidity of the business as a whole. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies' methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The following is a reconciliation of net earnings to Adjusted EBITDA:
 
Nine Months Ended
 
November 3, 2018
 
October 28, 2017
Net earnings
$
316

 
$
286

Add: income tax expense
107

 
185

Add: interest expense, net
81

 
104

Earnings before interest and income taxes
504

 
575

 
 
 
 
Add: depreciation and amortization expenses
498

 
479

Less: amortization of deferred property incentives
(60
)
 
(57
)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
942

 
$
997